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The depiction of Africa's landscape and its wildlife has an immense history. From rock paintings that are mankind's oldest continuously practised art form, to modern day oil paintings that still search, experiment, and feel their way down new avenues into the vibrant global art market. Oil paintings of elegant human figures, richly hued animals, and subtle hints of architecture that blend so calmly with this dramatic land, continue to inspire admiration for quality and sophistication.
The craft of oil painting was brought to Africa by white European explorers who chartered their way across the vast terrain of Africa recording the wildlife and landscapes they discovered. Much of this documentation was in the name of science and natural history. These naturalists and artists were inclined to represent the needs of the empire builders and governments who funded their trips. The landscape oil paintings of this time often reflected an idealised view of the continent, an undiscovered Eden, empty and free of its original inhabitants.
An early nineteenth century traveller in the Cape of Good Hope, William Burchell, who was a prolific naturalist as well as an accomplished artist characterises this school of thought. His landscape oil painting, “A Scene on the Gariep River” was so charming that; “It smothers every uneasy sensation of the mind”. This pleasing illustration displays the kind of landscape that Europeans of the time wanted to imagine existed in Africa. These idyllic paintings continued into the twentieth century with the work of J H Pierneef, and the Everard Group. For the majority of travelling European artists, the people they saw were simply part of Africa's flora and fauna. At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the twentieth century, major European artists, such as Picasso, began to study African motifs and techniques. This is now called his “African” phase, where Picasso produced many modern oil paintings, straying away from the conventional aesthetic representations, thus taking his artwork to a more philosophical and emotional level.
Attitudes towards black African artists and their use of oil in landscape and wildlife paintings was often punitive or criticised, there was a general desire to keep the native artist “tribal”. The experience of one of the earliest black South African landscape painters, John Mohl, demonstrates this:
“Mohl was approached by a white admirer and advised not to concentrate on landscape oil paintings, but to paint figures of his people in poverty and misery. Landscape, he was advised, had become the field where Europeans had advanced far in perfecting its painting. In response Mohl challenged this rhetoric and said: “But I am African, and when God made Africa, he also created beautiful landscapes for Africans to admire and paint.”
Much has changed in Africa during the last century. Oil paintings of the radiant landscapes, the light, the heat, the life and the stunning beauty of this unique land and its wildlife will always be admired by those not fortunate enough to live there. Just as the people during colonial times would marvel at this realm's incredible wonders, so today people from distant lands also appreciate its splendour. At the turn of the last century the only image of Africa people could behold were precious wildlife and landscape paintings created by artists.
Today in contemporary Britain we have many different media sources to experience the spectacle that is Africa. The Internet, TV, Video-on-Demand, DVD, Interactive games, Multimedia, the list goes on. Within this mélange of infinite images and interaction you may find that the only true way to experience this grandeur is through the eyes of those artists that are still painting the infinite and timeless scenes. Professionally produced and hand painted oil landscapes can truly connect you with the essence that is Africa. If you have visited Africa and followed in the footsteps of the early European artists, you will no doubt have fond memories of the continent. However, to own a contemporary oil painting will induce sentiment and wonder far richer than the memories themselves.
Hannes van der Walt – “Labourers Cottages, Mooiberge” $618
A realistic-impressionistic style, but sometimes experiments with abstracts.
"My style of painting probably developed to what it is today, due to significant influence from the South African Impressionists like Pierneef, Pieter Wenning and Hugo Naudé, who were very popular in the first half of the 20th century. Colour plays an important role in achieving the right mood and impact in my paintings. I like using earthy colours like yellow ochre, burnt sienna and brown madder together with cadmium red and chrome yellow. Variety motivates me and thus I explore a wide range of subjects: from Stellenbosch landscapes, flower studies, abstracts, still life's, and figure compositions."
"When tackling a subject, I try not to have any preconceptions with regard to style or even how it should be painted. Every painting presents new possibilities for creating compositions and interpretations that are quite individual."
Ina Le Roux – “Near Oudtshoorn” $258
Landscapes with energetic colours depicting the absolute beauty of our land and its contrasts.
She is a keen photographer and travels extensively in the rural areas in search of material and inspiration for her paintings. Her empathy with disadvantaged people, their environment and passion for landscapes, which she uses in vibrant warm colors, makes her works so attractive and a ‘must have'. Her art lights up any room, office or mood and are therefore not only an investment in South African art but an investment to make you relax and loose yourself in the kaleidoscope beauty scenes she portraits with her palette knife.
“I paint that is close to my heart, therefore there is nothing artificial to the images that I capture.”
Dane Willers – “Dawn Run” $2,459
African Wildlife, Landscapes and Lifestyle.
Dane Willers, after 30+ years of Oil Painting, is a well established and internationally recognised artist. He has produced around a thousand works in this time – works that has found their way all over the world. Dane has an intimate knowledge of the African bush, Culture and Lifestyle; he is renowned for his depiction of the unique Botswana landscape, Wildlife and rural scenes.
“My art - and that which I convey and teach to my students - portray the greatness of creation. It attempts to be true to that which is around us daily - but which we fail to see in true perspective in this rushed and seemingly material world of gain.”
This topical article on the subject of African oil paintings was written by Deri Jenkins (BETEC, BA, BSc) on behalf South African Artists. This article can be reproduced without being altered providing you include a link back to oil paintings with this URL: www.southafricanartists.com/OilPaintings.asp
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.